what-are-the-steps-to-install-an-outdoor-tv-antenna

Congratulations! Your new antenna will give you the best possible digital and HD picture quality. Today, local digital TV is available over the air using this antenna. Over-the-air signals are not compressed like cable or satellite transmissions and THEY’RE FREE! Here are a few simple steps to make the installation – texnikoi tileoraseon – as easy as possible and optimize the performance of your new antenna.
While your new antenna will allow you to receive local over-the-air (OTA) digital TV stations, it will not provide cable or satellite channels. After local OTA signals are received by your antenna, the digital signals must be decoded, so your DTV set can display a digital picture.

To watch true HDTV, you must have:

• Programming originating (produced) and broadcast in HDTV
• An HDTV tuner (receiver)
• An HDTV monitor (display)

what-are-the-steps-to-install-an-outdoor-tv-antenna1

Installation Steps

Step 1: Find Your Local TV Stations

As with real estate prices, TV antenna reception is all about location. The first thing you need to do is find the locations of local transmission towers to understand what kind of antenna you’ll eventually need and how to orient it. The best place to find which TV stations are available is to generate a signal report on the internet.

Step 2: Shop For Your Antenna

Now that you know the locations, distances, and frequency bands of local TV stations, it’s time to get a TV antenna.

Directional or Omnidirectional?

Outdoor TV antennas are usually directional, meaning they’re optimized for receiving signals from specific directions rather than from 360 degrees around. If correctly facing towards a transmission tower, a directional antenna offers more stronger, longer-range reception than that of an omnidirectional antenna. Omnidirectional antennas tend to work best when your surrounding terrain is rather flat, as well as when you’re less than 15 or 20 miles from transmission towers. It’s no accident that indoor antennas tend to be omnidirectional.

Antenna Range

Each antenna has a reception range that you’ll find in the product description. The manufacturer has assigned this range based on the antenna’s design, and as a result of testing under ideal conditions. You should know that the range stated on the box may not be valid under all conditions. For instance, if you have hills or tall buildings next door, these can effectively weaken or block your signal. Thus, the antenna’s indicated distance may be shortened as a result of interference along the signal’s path.

That’s a caveat to keep in mind. Depending on where you choose to place an antenna, or whether you amplify it, your antenna should still pick up weak signals and convey them to your television as a perfect picture. Before purchasing an antenna, it’s important to first get the locations and distances of local broadcast towers in order to get one with sufficient reception range.

Antenna Size

Antenna size is another factor to consider for your installation. Some antennas are relatively small and compact, allowing for easier placement in different areas of your house, such as in the attic. But they can also be rather large and sprawling, limiting installation possibilities to the roof or on the top of a mast. As a trade off, keep in mind that the larger the antenna, the greater its surface area and corresponding reception power generally.

Step 3: Choose the Location Of the Antenna

Where to Place Your TV Antenna

Finding a good location for your TV antenna can mean the difference between getting only a few channels or receiving all the stations in your area. Installing an antenna outdoors will always be better than putting it inside. This is because the structure of your house, such as walls, attic insulation, or a metal roof, introduces interference and weakens signals. An outdoor antenna will therefore experience less interference, although you might still have local obstacles such as forests and hills to contend with. When positioning your outdoor antenna, always try to get a clean and direct line of sight to transmission towers if possible, in order to further minimize possible sources of interference.

How High Should a TV Antenna Be Mounted?

Ideally, you should install the antenna at least 10-20 feet off the ground. Remember that if a surrounding house or structure casts a shadow on the antenna, it will likely block or weaken TV signals coming from that direction.

Step 4: Prepare the Tools

Get all your tools and parts together before starting the installation.

Step 5: Mount the Antenna

  • Wall installations:
  • Chimney installations
  • Rooftop installations

When using any type of mount, it’s important that the mast be perfectly vertical, as any deviation can cause reception issues. Using your compass and the magnetic azimuth headings you noted for each channel previously, orient the antenna in the direction that provides optimal reception for all of these.

Step 6: Run the Cable to Your TV

It’s important to realize the coaxial cable itself is a source of interference and signal loss, so care should be taken in installing and connecting it. You should have a cable of the appropriate length to run between your antenna and television or converter box. Try to avoid sharp turns or bends along the route.

Attach the Coaxial to the Antenna Mast and Run the Coaxial into the House

Next, attach the coaxial cable sufficiently tightly — but not too tightly, as this can damage the cable’s weatherproof outer sheath. The coaxial cable should take as direct a route as possible to your television in order to minimize the effects of interference and signal leakage. Try to avoid sharp turns in the coaxial cable, and use a right-angle connector if necessary.You’ll probably have to drill holes in the roof, attic, and ceiling for the cable to pass through.

Step 7: Hook Up the Coaxial to Your TV Set

Finally your coaxial will end up at the television, where you’ll attach it to the F connector input on the back panel of either the converter box or TV set. Once the coaxial is attached, run a channel scan to get the received channels and compare these with the list you made from your signal report in a previous step.

If you’re not getting a sufficient number of channels, you’ll need to re-aim the antenna in a (perhaps slightly) different direction.

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